Spatial ecology in a changing world

New article: Climatic suitability and anthropogenic influence determine the pattern of spread in a global invader

Because invasive species threaten the integrity of natural ecosystems, a major goal in ecology is to develop predictive models to determine which species may become widespread and where they may invade. In a new collaborative study lead by Núria Roura-Pascual an published in the journal PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences) new insight on this issue has been uncovered.

Indeed, considerable progress has been made in understanding the factors that influence the local pattern of spread for specific invaders and the factors that are correlated with the number of introduced species that have become established in a given region.

However, few studies have examined the relative importance of multiple drivers of invasion success for widespread species at global scales. Here, we use a dataset of >5,000 presence/absence records to examine the interplay between climatic suitability, biotic resistance by native taxa, human-aided dispersal, and human modification of habitats, in shaping the distribution of one of the world’s most notorious invasive species, the Argentine ant (Linepithema humile).

Climatic suitability and the extent of human modification of habitats are primarily responsible for the distribution of this global invader. However, we also found some evidence for biotic resistance by native communities. Somewhat surprisingly, and despite the often cited importance of propagule pressure as a crucial driver of invasions, metrics of the magnitude of international traded commodities among countries were not related to global distribution patterns.

Together, our analyses on the global-scale distribution of this invasive species provide strong evidence for the interplay of biotic and abiotic determinants of spread and also highlight the challenges of limiting the spread and subsequent impact of highly invasive species.


Nou article: L’adequació climàtica i la influència humana determinen el patró d’expansió d’un invasor global

Com les espècies invasores poder ser una amenaça a la naturalitat dels ecosistemes, un objectiu clau en l’ecologia actual és el desenvolupament de models predictius per determinar quines espècies poden arribar a distribuir-se més àmpliament i quines zones poden envair. En un nou estudi col.laboratiu liderat per la Núria Roura-Pascual i publicat a la revista PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences) noves dades sobre aquest tema han estat presentades.

Els anàlisis realitzats sobre la distribució mundial de la formiga argentina aporten evidències consistents sobre l’important paper dels components biòtics (clima) i abiòtics (influència humana) en l’expansió d’aquesta espècie i sobre els reptes plantejats en la limitació d’aquesta expansió i l’impacte posterior d’aquestes espècies altament invasores.

Roura-Pascual, N., Hui, C., Ikea, T., Leday, G., Richardson, D.M., Carpintero, S., Espadaler, X., Gómez, C., Guénard, B., Hartley, S., Krushelnycky, P., Lester, P.J., McGeoch, M.A., Menke, S.B., Pedersen, J.S., Pitt, J.P.W., Reyes, J., Sanders, N.J., Suarez, A.V., Touyama, Y., Ward, D., Ward, P.S., Worner, S.P. Online. Relative roles of climatic suitability and anthropogenic influence in determining the pattern of spread in a global invader. PNAS. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1011723108.

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